An extensive drainage system will mostly feature surface and subsurface drain solutions. Basically, surface drains remove the large volumes of water that fall in short periods of time whereas subsurface drains eliminate the glut water absorbed into the soil. These system work together to make sure that you have optimal level of moisture protection for your home.
Here are different kinds of solutions for drainage:
Gutters – This is your first line of defense. A regular-sized roof sheds about 160 gallons of water runoff for every hour hour during a moderate rainfall. To prevent this runoff from going directly to the ground near your foundation, you need to have a functional gutter system. This will divert the water flow using the downspouts. Therefore, you need to have a correct gutter size and appropriate number of downspouts to handle the volume of runoff of your roof. It is also best to have splash blocks at the end of the downspouts to remove the water at least 6 to 10 feet away from your house.
Grades – The most essential grades in the property are those within the 10 feet perimeter of your basement or property if you want to protect the structure. This will prevent the water you just diverted away from the structure from being absorbed by the soil which may reach the main building, basement or foundation. It is best to consult with professional to determine the safe measurement or suitable grades for your property.
Surface Drains – This is the controlled removal of water that accumulates on the land from irrigation, rainfall, hillside seeps and more. The gravity is the main force of this kind of drainage system. It involves landscaping the property to make sure that there is a downhill passage for the surface runoff and that it is at a suitable rate of flow.
Subsurface Drains – This is the removal of the gravitational water from the soil. It is done by adding French drains under the soil to collect and remove the water using a drainage outlet. It retains enough water for the plants and only removes excess water which flows to the drains by gravity.
Discharge Outlets – The excess water collected in the pipes are diverted in an appropriate outlet and released to the street gutter, onsite pond or storm sewer.
Cleanout Connections – it is a good idea to have cleanout connections on your drainage systems. These helps with the routine maintenance and also if the system functionality is deteriorated. Though it may be expensive at first, but it offers a much cost-efficient payout in the end.
These are just some of the different kinds of drainage solutions available. Feel free to discuss these with your plumbing company if you want to make sure that your property has adequate drainage solutions.